Fort Selden was established in 1865 in an effort to bring peace among the varied inhabitants in the south central region of present day New Mexico. Their primary intent was to protect settlers and travelers in the Mesilla Valley from desperados and Mescalero Apache Indians. Built near the banks of the Rio Grande, the adobe fort housed units of U.S. Army Infantry and Cavalry.

The first troops to occupy the fort were companies of the 125th US Colored Infantry Regiment, a group of African-American enlisted soldiers from Kentucky who had been mustered into the Union Army near the close of the American Civil War. Several of the units assigned later, including the 9th US Cavalry and 10th US Cavalry, and stationed at the fort were also composed of black troopers, sometimes referred to as Buffalo Soldiers. As a testament to their bravery, nine Buffalo Soldiers received the Medal of Honor while serving in New Mexico Territory.

Surnames Illig – Juger

Illig           Morris         Pvt.    C       8th CAV
Imas            ns             Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Irvin           William        Pvt.    F       15th INF
Irvine          Henry          Pvt.    C       8th CAV
Irwin           John T.        Pvt.    C       8th CAV
Isenhardt       Jacob          Pvt.    F       15th INF
Ivans           James          Pvt.    K       38th INF
Jackson         Alfred         Pvt.    F       24th INF
Jackson         Benjamin               M       9th CAV
Jackson         Burrell        Pvt.    K       38th INF
Jackson         George         Pvt.    K       38th INF
Jackson         Harvey         Pvt.    C       8th CAV
Jackson         William        Pvt.    K       3rd CAV
James           ns             Pvt.    K       8th CAV
James           David S.       Pvt.            15th INF
James           Henry          Pvt.    D       24th INF
James           Isaac          Cpl     F       9th CAV
James           James          Pvt.    I       8th CAV
Jameson         Henry H.       Sgt     K       13th INF
Jarieson        Edward         Pvt.            15th INF
Jath            Jacob                  B       13th INF
Jefferson       F.             Pvt.            38th INF
Jenkins         Thomas J.      Pvt.    A       24th INF
Jennings        William        Pvt.    K       38th INF
Johnson         Charles        Pvt.    K       38th INF
Johnson         Charles        Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Johnson         Francis        Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Johnson         Frank          Pvt.    H       3rd CAV
Johnson         James          Pvt.    K       3rd CAV
Johnson         James H.       Pvt.    B       15th INF
Johnson         John           Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Johnson         John           Pvt.    H       8th CAV
Johnson         John           Pvt.    F       9th CAV
Johnson         Joseph F.      Pvt.    F       9th CAV
Johnson         S.             Pvt.    K       38th INF
Johnson         Savel          Pvt.    F       24th INF
Johnson         William L.     Pvt.    A       24th INF
Johnston        A.             Pvt.            38th INF
Johnston        Albert E.      Pvt.            15th INF
Johnston        Lewis          Cpl     K       38th INF
Jolly           J. N.          Pvt.    M       9th CAV
Jonas           ns             Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Jones           B.             Pvt.    M       9th CAV
Jones           George         Pvt.    A       24th INF
Jones           Isaac          Pvt.    K       38th INF
Jones           J. K.          Pvt.    K       38th INF
Jones           John H.        Pvt.    K       38th INF
Jones           John H.        Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Jones           Robert         Pvt.    D       24th INF
Jones           Robert C.      Pvt.    K       3rd CAV
Jones           S. H.          Pvt.    K       38th INF
Jones           William        Pvt.    K       38th INF
Jones           William        Pvt.    B       13th INF
Jones           William C.     Pvt.    M       9th CAV
Josers          Nicholas       Sgt     B       13th INF
Joyce           Hugh           Pvt.    C       8th CAV
Juger           ns             Pvt.    I       8th CAV
Jackson         Alfred         Pvt.    F       24th INF
Jackson         Benjamin               M       9th CAV
Jackson         Burrell        Pvt.    K       38th INF
Jackson         George         Pvt.    K       38th INF
Jackson         Harvey         Pvt.    C       8th CAV
Jackson         William        Pvt.    K       3rd CAV
James           ns             Pvt.    K       8th CAV
James           David S.       Pvt.            15th INF
James           Henry          Pvt.    D       24th INF
James           Isaac          Cpl     F       9th CAV
James           James          Pvt.    I       8th CAV
Jameson         Henry H.       Sgt     K       13th INF
Jarieson        Edward         Pvt.            15th INF
Jath            Jacob                  B       13th INF
Jefferson       F.             Pvt.            38th INF
Jenkins         Thomas J.      Pvt.    A       24th INF
Jennings        William        Pvt.    K       38th INF
Johnson         Charles        Pvt.    K       38th INF
Johnson         Charles        Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Johnson         Francis        Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Johnson         Frank          Pvt.    H       3rd CAV
Johnson         James          Pvt.    K       3rd CAV
Johnson         James H.       Pvt.    B       15th INF
Johnson         John           Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Johnson         John           Pvt.    H       8th CAV
Johnson         John           Pvt.    F       9th CAV
Johnson         Joseph F.      Pvt.    F       9th CAV
Johnson         S.             Pvt.    K       38th INF
Johnson         Savel          Pvt.    F       24th INF
Johnson         William L.     Pvt.    A       24th INF
Johnston        A.             Pvt.            38th INF
Johnston        Albert E.      Pvt.            15th INF
Johnston        Lewis          Cpl     K       38th INF
Jolly           J. N.          Pvt.    M       9th CAV
Jonas           ns             Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Jones           B.             Pvt.    M       9th CAV
Jones           George         Pvt.    A       24th INF
Jones           Isaac          Pvt.    K       38th INF
Jones           J. K.          Pvt.    K       38th INF
Jones           John H.        Pvt.    K       38th INF
Jones           John H.        Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Jones           Robert         Pvt.    D       24th INF
Jones           Robert C.      Pvt.    K       3rd CAV
Jones           S. H.          Pvt.    K       38th INF
Jones           William        Pvt.    K       38th INF
Jones           William        Pvt.    B       13th INF
Jones           William C.     Pvt.    M       9th CAV
Josers          Nicholas       Sgt     B       13th INF
Joyce           Hugh           Pvt.    C       8th CAV
Juger           ns             Pvt.    I       8th CAV

Source: Southern New Mexico Genealogical Society, Marcena Thompson, and Charles Barnum.

Fort Selden, New Mexico Troops, 1865-1891.