Fort Selden was established in 1865 in an effort to bring peace among the varied inhabitants in the south central region of present day New Mexico. Their primary intent was to protect settlers and travelers in the Mesilla Valley from desperados and Mescalero Apache Indians. Built near the banks of the Rio Grande, the adobe fort housed units of U.S. Army Infantry and Cavalry.
The first troops to occupy the fort were companies of the 125th US Colored Infantry Regiment, a group of African-American enlisted soldiers from Kentucky who had been mustered into the Union Army near the close of the American Civil War. Several of the units assigned later, including the 9th US Cavalry and 10th US Cavalry, and stationed at the fort were also composed of black troopers, sometimes referred to as Buffalo Soldiers. As a testament to their bravery, nine Buffalo Soldiers received the Medal of Honor while serving in New Mexico Territory.
Surnames Tattersall – Tyler
Tattersall John Pvt. 15th INF Taylor ns 38th INf Taylor Fank A. Pvt. G 8th CAV Taylor George Pvt. A 15th INF Taylor Leming Pvt. G 8th CAV Taylor Q. Pvt. G 8th CAV Taylor William Pvt. G 8th CAV Telford Joseph G. Cpt K 3rd CAV Terrill T. E. Pvt. F 24th INF Tewkesbury Henry C. Pvt. K 13th INF Thomas Charles Pvt. D 24th INF Thomas Henry Pvt. A 24th INF Thomas Howard Pvt. A 24th INF Thomas William H. Pvt. K 3rd CAV Thompson Charles Pvt. 38th INF Thompson George W. Pvt. G 8th CAV Thompson Samuel Pvt. K 38th INF Thompson Thomas D. Pvt. C 15th INF Tibbetts George M. Pvt. F 15th INF Tidelinger Oliver Pvt. K 13th INF Tilford J. Cpt K 3rd CAV Tobins William C. Pvt. 15th INF Tolmes ns Pvt. C 8th CAV Toohey James Pvt. 15th INF Toole ns Pvt. 38th INF Toole Edward Pvt. G 8th CAV Tracey Henry Pvt. B 13th INF Tracy John Sgt G 8th CAV Tragessor Conrad Pvt. I 8th CAV Tucker James Pvt. K 38th INF Tucker Joseph Pvt. A 24th INF Tucker Peter Pvt. K 38th INF Tudor Thomas Pvt. K 13th INF Tudor William Pvt. K 13th INF Tully Thomas Pvt. K 15th INF Turch John Pvt. D 13th INF Turner Benjamin C. Pvt. G 8th CAV Turner Joseph Pvt. K 38th INF Turner William Pvt. K 13th INF Tyler William W. 1Lt K 13th INF
Source: Southern New Mexico Genealogical Society, Marcena Thompson, and Charles Barnum.
Fort Selden, New Mexico Troops, 1865-1891.