Fort Selden was established in 1865 in an effort to bring peace among the varied inhabitants in the south central region of present day New Mexico. Their primary intent was to protect settlers and travelers in the Mesilla Valley from desperados and Mescalero Apache Indians. Built near the banks of the Rio Grande, the adobe fort housed units of U.S. Army Infantry and Cavalry.

The first troops to occupy the fort were companies of the 125th US Colored Infantry Regiment, a group of African-American enlisted soldiers from Kentucky who had been mustered into the Union Army near the close of the American Civil War. Several of the units assigned later, including the 9th US Cavalry and 10th US Cavalry, and stationed at the fort were also composed of black troopers, sometimes referred to as Buffalo Soldiers. As a testament to their bravery, nine Buffalo Soldiers received the Medal of Honor while serving in New Mexico Territory.

Surnames Untin – Zufrison

Ulrich          John           Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Unerochs        William        Pvt.    K       15th INF
Untin           ns             Pvt.    I       8th CAV
Urvine          Samuel         Pvt.    K       38th INF
Vail            James P.       Pvt.    I       8th CAV
Valois          Gustavus       1Lt     M       9th CAV
Van Wart        Edgar M.       Pvt.    I       8th CAV
Vandergriff     William        Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Verry           Joseph         Pvt.    K       13th INF
Viehlet         W.             Pvt.            15th INF
Vine            ns             Pvt.            38th INF
Vivan           John           1Lt     H       1 NM CAV
Vlain           A. S.          Pvt.    K       38th INF
Vlain           Robert         Pvt.    K       38th INF
Vollmer         Frederick      Pvt.    K       13th INF
Von Bicker      Leonard        Pvt.    K       13th INF
Vonstone        William        Pvt.            15th INF
Vose            Rufus C.       Cpt     H       1 CA CAV
Wachter         William S.     Pvt.    K       3rd CAV
Waddam          Amos           Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Wadsworth       John           Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Wagner          George         Pvt.    K       13th INF
Walasky         William        Pvt.    A       15th INF
Walbie          James          Pvt.    C       8th CAV
Walker          Andrew         Pvt.    K       3rd CAV
Walker          Andrew                 M       9th CAV
Walker          E.             1Lt             15th INF
Walker          J. E.          Pvt.    M       9th CAV
Wall            William L.     Pvt.    K       3rd CAV
Wallace         ns             Pvt.    C       8th CAV
Wallace         James W.       Pvt.    K       38th INF
Wallace         Maxilary       Pvt.    D       24th INF
Wallington      Alfred E.      Pvt.    K       13th INF
Walsh           Eugene         Pvt.    F       15th INF
Walter          John           Pvt.    I       8th CAV
Walton          George A.      Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Ward            W.             Pvt.    M       9th CAV
Warner          J.             Pvt.    M       9th CAV
Warner          John F.        1Lt             125 INF
Warren          John                   M       9th CAV
Washington      F.             Pvt.    M       9th CAV
Washington      G.                     M       9th CAV
Washington      G.             Pvt.    M       9th CAV
Washington      G. Jr.         Pvt.    M       9th CAV
Washington      George         Pvt.    K       38th INF
Washigton       Jefferson      Pvt.    M       9th CAV
Washington      W. T.          Pvt.    M       9th CAV
Wassenbach      Charles L.     Pvt.    B       13th INF
Waterhouse      Walter B.      Pvt.    D       10th INF
Waters          H or N                 F       9th CAV
Waters          George         Pvt.    K       38th INF
Waters          Joseph         Pvt.    K       13th INF
Waters          William E.     Pvt.    K       15th INF
Watkins         James          Pvt.    K       38th INF
Watkins         James          Sgt     F       24th INF
Watkins         William        Pvt.    K       38th INF
Watson          David R.       Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Wattendorf      Julius         Sgt     C       8th CAV
Watts           ns             Pvt.    K       38th INF
Watts           A. K.          Pvt.    M       1 CA CAV
Wausickse       Charles        Sgt             15th INF
Weatherbe       William C.     Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Weatherford     F.             Pvt.    M       9th CAV
Webb            Frederick      Pvt.    I       8th CAV
Weeks           John J.        Pvt.    I       8th CAV
Weenhart        Charles A.     Pvt.    I       8th CAV
Weller          ns             Pvt.    K       38th INF
Wells           Frederick      Pvt.    I       8th CAV
Wells           Henry          Pvt.    C       8th CAV
Welsh           Patrick        Pvt.    D       13th INF
Werner          F.             Pvt.            15th INF
Wessel          ns             Pvt.    I       8th CAV
West            ns             Pvt.    G       8th CAV
West            Charles        Sgt     F       9th CAV
West            Edgarq         Sgt             15th INF
West            James          Pvt.    K       3rd CAV
West            John           Pvt.    K       38th INF
West            Washington
Westman         Ernest         Pvt.    G       15th INF
Westner         Emil           Pvt.    G       15th INF
Wheeler         Natt S.        1Lt             125th INF
Wheeler         William        Pvt.    K       38th INF
White           James H.       Pvt.    M       9th CAV
White           Louis          Pvt.    M       9th CAV
White           Merritt        Pvt.    K       38th INF
White           Solomon        Pvt.    K       38th INF
White           Thomas         Pvt.    M       9th CAV
White           Thomas         Pvt.    K       3rd CAV
White           W. S.          Pvt.    C       1 CA INF
Whiting         ns             Pvt.    K       8th CAV
Whitlock        James H.       Cpt     C       1 CA INF
Whitney         David          Pvt.            15th INF
Whitney         George B.      Pvt.    K       3rd CAV
Whittemore      E. W.          Cpt             15th INF
Wightman        Robert         Sgt     F       9th CAV
Wilbur          F.             Pvt.            15th INF
Wilhelm         Henry          Pvt.    K       3rd CAV
Wilkes          William        Sgt     F       24th INF
Wilkins         Joseph B.      Cpl     F       24th INF
Wilkren         George         Pvt.            15th INF
Wilks           ns             Pvt.    K       38th INF
Wilks           James          Pvt.    F       9th CAV
Willacy         James          Pvt.    K       3rd CAV
Williams        D.             Pvt.    M       9th CAV
Williams        Doc            Pvt.    A       24th INF
Williams        Edwin          Pvt.    G       15th INF
Williams        George         Sgt     F       9th CAV
Williams        Henry          Pvt.    F       24th INF
Williams        Isaac          Pvt.    C       15th INF
Williams        James M.       Cpt     I       8th CAV
Williams        John           Pvt.    C       8th CAV
Williams        John           Pvt.    F       15th INF
Williams        John W.        Pvt.    K       38th INF
Williams        L. O.          Pvt.    M       9th CAV
Williams        M.             Pvt.            38th INF
Williams        Moses          Pvt.    F       9th CAV
Williams        Prince         Pvt.    K       38th INF
Williams        William        Pvt.            38th INF
Williamson      ns             Pvt.    G       1 CA INF
Willings        R.             Pvt.    K       38th INF
Willis          Edward B.      Ltc             1 NM INF
Willis          George         Pvt.    K       3rd CAV
Willis          John T.        Pvt.    K       38th INF
Willis          Henry          Pvt.    C       8th CAV
Wilson          ns             Maj     K       38th INF
Wilson          ns             Pvt.    A       24th INF
Wilson          Charles        Pvt.    I       8th CAV
Wilson          Charles        Pvt.    G       15th INF
Wilson          H.             Pvt.    M       9th CAV
Wilson          James          Pvt.    H       3rd CAV
Wilson          John           Pvt.    K       3rd CAV
Wilson          John           Pvt.    K       38th INF
Wilson          Moses          Pvt.    K       38th INF
Wilson          Philip                 M       9th CAV
Wilson          Samuel         Pvt.            15th INF
Wilson          Thomas         Pvt.    B       13th INF
Wilson          Virgil N.      Pvt.            38th INF
Wilson          William B.     Pvt.    H       3rd CAV
Wilson          William J.             B       13th INF
Wilson          William W.     Pvt.    K       13th INF
Windisch        Otto           Pvt.    K       3rd CAV
Wing            Alfred         Pvt.    M       9th CAV
Winningham      Jesse W.       Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Winter          ns             Pvt.    C       8th CAV
Wise            William        Pvt.    I       8th CAV
Wistner         V.             Pvt.    G       15th INF
Witherow        ns             Cpl     K       3rd CAV
Wocentlef       Charles                F       15th INF
Wolf            W.             Pvt.    M       9th CAV
Wolff           Henry F.       Pvt.    H       3rd CAV
Wood            E. W.                          1 CA INF
Woods           E.             Pvt.    M       9th CAV
Wrhen           ns             Sgt     K       8th CAV
Wleft           A.             Pvt.    M       9th CAV
Wleft           George L.      Pvt.            15th INF
Wleft           James          Pvt.    K       38th INF
Wleft           Lessious       Pvt.    F       24th INF
Wleft           Noah           Pvt.    M       9th CAV
Wleft           Thomas         Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Wunder          Joseph         Pvt.    K       3rd CAV
Wykoff          George H.      Sgt     G       8th CAV
Yager           ns             Cpl     I       8th CAV
Young           Charles        cpl     K       3rd CAV
Young           George         Pvt.    F       9th CAV
Young           Joannes        Pvt.    K       3rd CAV
Zapp            August         Pvt.    K       13th INF
Zemoroth        ns             Sgt     G       8th CAV
Zoster          ns             Pvt.    I       8th CAV
Zufrison        Thomas         Pvt.    G       8th CAV

Source: Southern New Mexico Genealogical Society, Marcena Thompson, and Charles Barnum.

Fort Selden, New Mexico Troops, 1865-1891.