Fort Selden was established in 1865 in an effort to bring peace among the varied inhabitants in the south central region of present day New Mexico. Their primary intent was to protect settlers and travelers in the Mesilla Valley from desperados and Mescalero Apache Indians. Built near the banks of the Rio Grande, the adobe fort housed units of U.S. Army Infantry and Cavalry.

The first troops to occupy the fort were companies of the 125th US Colored Infantry Regiment, a group of African-American enlisted soldiers from Kentucky who had been mustered into the Union Army near the close of the American Civil War. Several of the units assigned later, including the 9th US Cavalry and 10th US Cavalry, and stationed at the fort were also composed of black troopers, sometimes referred to as Buffalo Soldiers. As a testament to their bravery, nine Buffalo Soldiers received the Medal of Honor while serving in New Mexico Territory.

Surnames Tattersall – Tyler

Tattersall      John           Pvt.            15th INF
Taylor          ns                             38th INf
Taylor          Fank A.        Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Taylor          George         Pvt.    A       15th INF
Taylor          Leming         Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Taylor          Q.             Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Taylor          William        Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Telford         Joseph G.      Cpt     K       3rd CAV
Terrill         T. E.          Pvt.    F       24th INF
Tewkesbury      Henry C.       Pvt.    K       13th INF
Thomas          Charles        Pvt.    D       24th INF
Thomas          Henry          Pvt.    A       24th INF
Thomas          Howard         Pvt.    A       24th INF
Thomas          William H.     Pvt.    K       3rd CAV
Thompson        Charles        Pvt.            38th INF
Thompson        George W.      Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Thompson        Samuel         Pvt.    K       38th INF
Thompson        Thomas D.      Pvt.    C       15th INF
Tibbetts        George M.      Pvt.    F       15th INF
Tidelinger      Oliver         Pvt.    K       13th INF
Tilford         J.             Cpt     K       3rd CAV
Tobins          William C.     Pvt.            15th INF
Tolmes          ns             Pvt.    C       8th CAV
Toohey          James          Pvt.            15th INF
Toole           ns             Pvt.            38th INF
Toole           Edward         Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Tracey          Henry          Pvt.    B       13th INF
Tracy           John           Sgt     G       8th CAV
Tragessor       Conrad         Pvt.    I       8th CAV
Tucker          James          Pvt.    K       38th INF
Tucker          Joseph         Pvt.    A       24th INF
Tucker          Peter          Pvt.    K       38th INF
Tudor           Thomas         Pvt.    K       13th INF
Tudor           William        Pvt.    K       13th INF
Tully           Thomas         Pvt.    K       15th INF
Turch           John           Pvt.    D       13th INF
Turner          Benjamin C.    Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Turner          Joseph         Pvt.    K       38th INF
Turner          William        Pvt.    K       13th INF
Tyler           William W.     1Lt     K       13th INF

Source: Southern New Mexico Genealogical Society, Marcena Thompson, and Charles Barnum.

Fort Selden, New Mexico Troops, 1865-1891.