Fort Selden was established in 1865 in an effort to bring peace among the varied inhabitants in the south central region of present day New Mexico. Their primary intent was to protect settlers and travelers in the Mesilla Valley from desperados and Mescalero Apache Indians. Built near the banks of the Rio Grande, the adobe fort housed units of U.S. Army Infantry and Cavalry.

The first troops to occupy the fort were companies of the 125th US Colored Infantry Regiment, a group of African-American enlisted soldiers from Kentucky who had been mustered into the Union Army near the close of the American Civil War. Several of the units assigned later, including the 9th US Cavalry and 10th US Cavalry, and stationed at the fort were also composed of black troopers, sometimes referred to as Buffalo Soldiers. As a testament to their bravery, nine Buffalo Soldiers received the Medal of Honor while serving in New Mexico Territory.

Surnames Rack – Rynerson

Rack            Albert         Pvt.    D       10th INF
Rackenspergen   Peter          Cpl     B       13th INF
Randlett        J. F.          Cpt     C       8th CAV
Ray             Isaac          Pvt.    K       38th INF
Ray             Jacob          Pvt.    K       38th INF
Reade           Philip V.      2Lt
Reardon         Dennis         Pvt.            15th INF
Redmond         Sandy                  K       38th INF
Reed            ns             Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Reed            Charles        Pvt.    K       13th INF
Reed            Job            Pvt.    A       24th INF
Reed            John           Pvt.    K       3rd CAV
Reese           Jacob          Pvt.    F       15th INF
Reeson          ns             Pvt.    I       8th CAV
Reid            William        Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Reide           Adam           Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Reilly          ns             Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Reis            Thomas         Pvt.            15th INF
Relay           ns             Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Renault         Nicholas       Pvt.            15th INF
Rennars         George W.      Sgt             15th INF
Renner          John           Pvt.    B       13th INF
Reynolds        Michael        Pvt.    B       13th INF
Rhett           James          Pvt.    D       24th INF
Rice            Horace B.      Pvt.    K       3rd CAV
Richards        ns             Pvt.    K       8th CAV
Richards        James A.       Pvt.    F       24th INF
Richardson      ns             Pvt.            38th INF
Rigg            Edwin A.       1Lt     K       38th INF
Riley           Francis                C       8th CAV
Riley           John           Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Riley           John           Pvt.    K       13th INF
Ripley          Peter          Sgt     K       13th INF
Roach           ns             Pvt.    K       8th CAV
Roberts         ns             Pvt.    I       8th CAV
Roberts         Charles E.     Pvt.    C       8th CAV
Roberts         George         Pvt.    K       13th INF
Robertson       Charles        Pvt.    D       10th INF
Robey           ns             Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Robinson        C.             Pvt.    F       9th CAV
Robinson        Carter         Pvt.    K       38th INF
Robinson        Davie          Pvt.    K       13th INF
Robinson        Frank U.       1Lt     A       125 INF
Robinson        John           Sgt     K       38th INF
Robinson        Morgan         Sgt     D       10th INF
Robinson        Samuel         Pvt.    K       38th INF
Robinson        Scott          1Lt     H       3rd CAV
Robinson        W. W.          2Lt     H       3rd CAV
Rodenstein      Charles F.     Pvt.    D       10th INF
Rodenstein      Karl G.        Pvt.    D       10th INF
Rodgers         Francis        Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Rodrigus        Jose R.        Pvt.    I       1 NM INF
Rogers          ns             Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Rogers          ns             Pvt.    I       8th CAV
Rolls           Arnold         Pvt.    G       15th INF
Roman           William W.     Pvt.    I       8th CAV
Rooney          George D.      Pvt.    K       3rd CAV
Rose            Frank B.       Pvt.    B       13th INF
Rosenthal       John           Sgt
Rost            Theodore G.    Pvt.    K       3rd CAV
Rotterock       Samuel         Pvt.    D       10th INF
Rowan           Marlin         Pvt.    K       3rd CAV
Ruchert         Louis          Pvt.            15th INF
Rucker          L. H.          Cpt     M       9th CAV
Rudolphi        Henry          Pvt.            15th INF
Runian          Ferdinand      Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Runnels         D. G.          Pvt.    K       15th INF
Runyon          David E.       Pvt.
Russell         Alex           Pvt.    A       15th INF
Russell         Gerald         Cpt     K       3rd CAV
Rutherford      James C.       Sgt     K       38th INF
Ryan            ns             Sgt     C       8th CAV
Ryan            George         Pvt.    D       10th INF
Ryan            Thomas         Pvt.    C       15th INF
Ryan            William        Pvt.    C       8th CAV
Rynerson        William L.     Cpt             1 CA INF

Source: Southern New Mexico Genealogical Society, Marcena Thompson, and Charles Barnum.

Fort Selden, New Mexico Troops, 1865-1891.