Fort Selden was established in 1865 in an effort to bring peace among the varied inhabitants in the south central region of present day New Mexico. Their primary intent was to protect settlers and travelers in the Mesilla Valley from desperados and Mescalero Apache Indians. Built near the banks of the Rio Grande, the adobe fort housed units of U.S. Army Infantry and Cavalry.

The first troops to occupy the fort were companies of the 125th US Colored Infantry Regiment, a group of African-American enlisted soldiers from Kentucky who had been mustered into the Union Army near the close of the American Civil War. Several of the units assigned later, including the 9th US Cavalry and 10th US Cavalry, and stationed at the fort were also composed of black troopers, sometimes referred to as Buffalo Soldiers. As a testament to their bravery, nine Buffalo Soldiers received the Medal of Honor while serving in New Mexico Territory.

Surnames Naugenbaum – Quintana

Naugenbaum      ED             Pvt.    E       15th INF
Neal            James          Pvt.    C       8th CAV
Neale           Henry          Pvt.    C       8th CAV
Needham         H. J.          2Lt     F       1 NM INF
Neill           ns             Sgt     G       8th CAV
Nelson          Wiliam         Pvt.    K       38th INF
Neskins         ns             Pvt.    C       8th CAV
Nestler         Otto           Pvt.    C       8th CAV
New             ns             Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Newso           John           Pvt.    C       8th CAV
Newton          Jackson        Pvt.    I       8th CAV
Nicholas        J.             Pvt.            38th INF
Nickel          August         Pvt.    K       13th INF
Nifalusy        Anton          Sgt
Nix             John H.        Pvt.    K       38th INF
Nolan           P.             Cpl             15th INF
Norton          W.                             15th INF
Nugent          ns             Pvt.    G       1 CA INF
O'Brien         John S.                K       3rd CAV
O'Brien         Patrick        Pvt.    D       13th INF
O'Connor        Bernard                K       15th INF
O'Connor        Lawrence L.    1Lt     K       3rd CAV
O'Donald        Frank          Pvt.    C       8th CAV
O'Donnell       Benjamin F.    Pvt.    I       8th CAV
O'Donnell       John           Pvt.    D       13th INF
O'Donnell       Joseph         Pvt.    G       8th CAV
O'Keefe         Andrew         Sgt     C       15th INF
O'Mara          Thomas         Pvt.    K       3rd CAV
O'Neil          Joseph         Pvt.    K       3rd CAV
O'Reilly        John J.        Pvt.    D       10th INF
O'Rourke        James          Pvt.    G       8th CAV
O'Sullivan      Henry          Pvt.    B       15th INF
Oake            Oliver         Pvt.    K       38th INF
Oliphant        John E.        2Lt     M       1 CA CAV
Olivia          James          Pvt.    G       15th INF
Orley           James          Pvt.    K       38th INF
Orr             Prince         Pvt.    K       38th INF
Orton           Richard H.     Cpt     M       1 CA CAV
Osborn          ns             Pvt.    K       8th CAV
Oston           R. H.          Cpt     M       1 CA CAV
Overtree        Augustus       Pvt.    K       13th INF
Owen            ns             Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Paige           James          Pvt.            15th INF
Palmer          William        Pvt.    C       8th CAV
Pandergriff     William        Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Pardee          James I.       Pvt.    H       3rd CAV
Pardise         Montgomery     Pvt.    H       15th INF
Parker          ns             Cpl     I       8th CAV
Parks           ns             Pvt.    I       8th CAV
Parks           Robert         Pvt.    K       38th INF
Parry           J.             Pvt.    K       38th INF
Parry           John A.        2Lt     D       10th INF
Pater           Samuel         Pvt.    C       8th CAV
Patterson       James          Pvt.    C       8th CAV
Patterson       James          Pvt.    K       38th INF
Patterson       Thomas         Pvt.    F       9th CAV
Paugh           Andrew K.      Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Pauley          George R.      Pvt.    B       13th INF
Payne           William T.     Pvt.    K       13th INF
Pearce          A. R.          Pvt.    M       9th CAV
Pearce          H. Z.          Pvt.    M       9th CAV
Pearo           Antoine        Pvt.    D       10th INF
Pearson         London         Pvt.    F       9th CAV
Pease           A. S.          Pvt.    M       9th CAV
Pease           Louis          Pvt.            15th INF
Pedro           Monte          Pvt.    I       1 NM INF
Pendergast      William P.     Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Pengally        Edward         Sgt     G       8th CAV
Penner          Harrison       Pvt.    F       9th CAV
Perry           A.             Pvt.            38th INF
Perry           John A.        2Lt     D       10th INF
Perry           Preston        Pvt.    C       8th CAV
Perry           William A.     Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Pershine        John H.        2Lt     B       13th INF
Person          William        Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Peters          Price          Pvt.            38th INF
Pettis          George H.      1Lt     F       1 NM INF
Petty           Henry          Pvt.    K       38th INF
Pheldan         Ed             Pvt.            15th INF
Phillips        Axel           Pvt.    K       13th INF
Picking         William A.     Pvt.    K       3rd CAV
Pierson         David          Pvt.    F       24th INF
Pillow          L.             Cpl     E       24th INF
Pindell         Joseph H.      Pvt.    K       3rd CAV
Pinkston        Daniel         Pvt.    D       24th INF
Placer          Lucius A.      Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Plassman        Theodore       Pvt.            15th INF
Plumer          Fred           Cpl     F       24th INF
Plummer         Henry          Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Plunkett        Owen           Cpl     K       3rd CAV
Points          Charles        Pvt.    K       38th INF
Polatakis       Charles        Pvt.    D       10th INF
Polk            Marshall       Pvt.    K       38th INF
Ponodincio      Martin         Pvt.    I       1 NM INF
Por--ie         James          Pvt.    K       15th INF
Porter          ns             Pvt.    K       8th CAV
Porter          John           Pvt.    D       10th INF
Porter          Samuel         Pvt.    H       24th INF
Pratetsen       ED             Pvt.            15th INF
Prear           ns             Pvt.    A       24th INF
Pressburger     Henry          Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Preston         ns             Sgt     I       8th CAV
Preston         A. M.          2LT     G       8th CAV
Preston         James          Pvt.    C       8th CAV
Preston         Willis         Pvt.    E       24th INF
Price           J.             Pvt.    M       9th CAV
Prichet         William        Pvt.            15th INF
Prince          Richard        Pvt.    K       38th INF
Pringle         Edward         Pvt.    A       24th INF
Pugh            Joseph         Pvt.    A       15th INF
Quick           William        Pvt.    C       8th CAV
Quitly          John P.                D       10th INF
Quinn           John           Pvt.    K       13th INF
Quinn           Michael        Pvt.    G       15th INF
Quintana        ns             Pvt.    C       1 NM INF

Source: Southern New Mexico Genealogical Society, Marcena Thompson, and Charles Barnum.

Fort Selden, New Mexico Troops, 1865-1891.