Fort Selden was established in 1865 in an effort to bring peace among the varied inhabitants in the south central region of present day New Mexico. Their primary intent was to protect settlers and travelers in the Mesilla Valley from desperados and Mescalero Apache Indians. Built near the banks of the Rio Grande, the adobe fort housed units of U.S. Army Infantry and Cavalry.

The first troops to occupy the fort were companies of the 125th US Colored Infantry Regiment, a group of African-American enlisted soldiers from Kentucky who had been mustered into the Union Army near the close of the American Civil War. Several of the units assigned later, including the 9th US Cavalry and 10th US Cavalry, and stationed at the fort were also composed of black troopers, sometimes referred to as Buffalo Soldiers. As a testament to their bravery, nine Buffalo Soldiers received the Medal of Honor while serving in New Mexico Territory.

Surnames Abbott – Auvanta

Abbott          George         Pvt.    B       13th INF
Adair           David          Pvt.    C       8th CAV
Adams           Holden G.      Pvt.    C.      8th CAV
Adams           James          Pvt.            8th CAV
Adams           John           Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Adams           Samuel C.      Pvt.    K       3rd CAV
Adams           W.             Pvt.            15th INF
Alder           John R.        Pvt.    A       15th INF
Alexander       Alexander      Pvt.    K       38th INF
Alexander       John                   M       9th CAV
Alford          Benjamin H.    Pvt.    B       13th I NF
Alford          Robert         Pvt.    I       8th CAV
Allen           Benjamin F.    Pvt.    K       38th INF
Allums          Felix          Pvt.    K       38th INF
Amity           Henry B.       Sgt.    A       1 NM CAV
Amons           George W.      Sgt.    K       3rd CAV
Anderson        Henry          Pvt.    C       8th CAV
Anderson        Richard        Sgt.
Anderson        William        Pvt.    K       38th INF
Anderson        William        Pvt.    C       8th CAV
Andrews         James          Pvt.    C       8th CAV
Andrews         James                  K       13th INF
Anfinson        Thomas         Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Angeline        Fanny          Pvt.    C       8th CAV
Anthony         ns             Pvt.    I       8th Cav
Anton           R. H.          Cpt.    M       1 CA CAV
Appel           Emil
Archer          Richard        Pvt.    C       8th CAV
Armandt         ns             Pvt.    C       8th CAV
Armill          ns             Pvt.    C       8th CAV
Armledt         Charles        Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Armour          William
Armstead        Charles        Pvt.    G       8th CAV
Armstrad        D.                             38th INF
Armstrong       William        Pvt.    C       1 CA INF
Arnold          ns             Pvt.    G       1 CA INF
Arnold          William        Pvt.    K       13th INF
Atkins          Franklin M.    Pvt.    D       13th INF
Auch            George         Pvt.            15th INF
Aurandt         Jacob M.       Sgt.    C       8th CAV
Auvanta         ns             Cpl.    C       8th CAV 

Source: Southern New Mexico Genealogical Society, Marcena Thompson, and Charles Barnum.

Fort Selden, New Mexico Troops, 1865-1891.