Missions

Mission for the Navajo Indians

In an article written for the Indian Sentinel of 1908, I have dealt at some length with the Navajo Indians in general, and with the condition of the Mission and School for these Indians here at Saint Michael’s, Arizona. This sketch and others which have appeared in various publications no doubt have made a number of the readers of the Franciscan Missions of the Southwest familiar with the work now in progress. When in 1897 the Franciscan Province of Saint John the Baptist of Cincinnati, Ohio, accepted the Mission for the Navajo Indians it undoubtedly realized the extent and difficulty …

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Twelve Years free from Spanish Control

For twelve years they then lived, free from all Spanish control, proud in their freedom, yet, doubtless, constantly in dread, even as they were in Zuni and the other pueblos, of the coming of the Spaniards to wreak vengeance. In 1692 came Don Diego de Vargas, re-conqueror the second, and he and his two hundred soldiers gained the speedy submission of Acoma. But as before, it was merely a submission of words, for four years later the sturdy patriots revolted again, and when de Vargas came in anger to storm the rock, they jeered at him from above and defied …

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Tigua Nation first to Embrace Christian Faith

By 1617 a Mission was established and a church erected at San Ildefonso. The pueblo belongs to the Tigua nation, which in Benavides day comprised eight towns and numbering in all, so he says, about, 6000 souls. He rejoices in the fact that this people was the first to embrace the Christian faith, “a fact in which its inhabitants glory and which made them friends of the Spaniards.” The church at San Ildefonso was especially commended, in 1626, by Benavides, and he claims that it was the Franciscans who taught the San Ildefonsans how to irrigate their lands with the …

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Pecos Pueblo or Cicuyé

The average tourist traversing the State of New Mexico from East to West on the transcontinental division of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway is impressed with the immensity of lands which apparently lie in waste along this route. Involuntarily he asks, what is this country good for? Is it worth traversing? And whatever induced the railway company to run a line through here? Residents familiar with the soil, however, know full well that these wastes could yield a hundredfold when brought in contact with irrigation, which will develop these sections into the best of agricultural districts. This fact …

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Parishes of Roswell New Mexico

On other pages of this issue of “Franciscan Missions” will be found an article on the beauties and resources of the Pecos Valley, written by one who, from many years’ residence in this garden spot of the new state, is well acquainted with the country and its people, and it is not the object of this article to enlarge upon what has been said of Roswell and its surroundings, but to speak of the work the Fathers have been doing in this part of the Lord’s vineyard for the past eleven years. New Mexico can justly be styled the kingdom …

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Parish and Missions of Gallup, New Mexico

Twenty-six miles southeast of our Mission at St. Michael’s is situated the flourishing city of Gallup with a population of about 3000. It is surrounded by a number of coal mines, and forms one of the main divisions of the Santa Fe Railroad. Situated between the Navajo and Zuni Indian Reservations, Gallup has numerous wholesale houses, which supply the Indian traders on the reservations. Gallup is in the Mexican village of Cebolleta, 110 miles away, to Gallup. For 18 years Father Juillard had labored zealously and successfully in this extensive and difficult parish. When he accepted the position of Assistant …

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Parish and Missions of Farmington, New Mexico

In crossing the Navajo Reservation, years ago, I had passed over the mountain range the first day, and the second day I had been riding all blessed day over the barren, dry and dreary desert, when, upon reaching the high bluffs of the river, the beautiful San Juan Valley lay of a sudden before my astonished gaze. Instinctively the old Patriarch Lot, viewing the banks of the Jordan, came to my mind, of whom Scripture tells us: “And Lot lifting up his eyes saw all the country about the Jordan which was watered throughout before the Lord destroyed Sodom and …

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Pecos Valley of New Mexico

Beauty and utility crowd each other closely in the Pecos Valley of New Mexico, and Roswell, as the central feature of this remarkable section, is a splendid illustration of the development of the great American desert. It should be remembered that in a state which has a history running back for hundreds of years, the Pecos Valley is comparatively a newly settled section. Fenced off by a range of mountains, it did not attract the attention of the conquistadores, and the cross of the early Fathers was not raised over its peaceful slopes, simply because it was un-peopled save by …

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The New Kingdom of St. Francis

The new Kingdom of St. Francis in our Southwest comprises at present 56,000 square miles, a territory as large as the State of Illinois. Our 8 parishes number 1200 Americans, living in 13 different towns and settlements; 800 Croatians in 4 mining camps; 11,000 Mexicans, in 64 towns, villages and ranchitos; 3 tribes of Pueblo Indians, living on 9 reservations, in 20 different villages and numbering 6,670 souls; the Jicarilla Apache Indians, numbering 878; and the Navajo Indians, numbering 23,000; a total of 8 parishes, 101 towns and villages and mines and settlements and two large reservations of nomadic Indian …

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The Missionary Spirit of St. Francis and his Seraphic Order

Much has been beautifully written on St. Francis, the lover of nature, his childlike simplicity, his ardent love of Christ Crucified, of his espousal of Poverty, of his filial obedience to the Vicar of Christ and the Catholic Hierarchy. These and many other virtues have gained for the Patriarch of Assisi, numerous friends and admirers in and out of the Church. Still there is one trait in the character of this sweet Saint which stands out in bold relief among his many other attractive characteristics, and that is his ardent desire for the glory of God and the salvation of …

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