Buffalo Soldiers Grave. Old Fort Tularosa, (Aragon) New Mexico, Catron County, New Mexico

A Buffalo Soldier’s Grave

An elderly rancher pointed out this grave several years ago and told of its history. After the Civil War, African American soldiers were sent West. One troop was garrisoned at Fort Tularosa, northeast of Reserve, New Mexico. They were used to control Indian raids, escort stages, protect travelers and civilians. Fort Tularosa was created in 1872, near the present day Aragon, New Mexico. It was the government’s intention to move Chief Victorio and his tribe of Indian people to this location, but Victorio had other intentions. He and his people refused to stay. They wanted to live at Ojo Caliente …

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Buffalo Soldier, 9th Cavalry, 1890

Buffalo Soldiers, buried at Ft. Bayard, New Mexico

The post was named in honor of General George D. Bayard, who died from wounds received in the Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia in 1862. He had previously served as a lieutenant in the New Mexico and Arizona territories where he had sustained arrow wounds in Indian confrontations. Fort Bayard was one of many installations throughout the Southwest that was garrisoned by the so called Buffalo Soldiers. Company B of the 125th United States Colored Infantry Regiment established the post, and they were joined by other black units, including troops from the 9th Cavalry Regiment. Corporal Clinton Greaves, stationed at Fort …

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